**Treatise
on the Five Astronomical Canons, PS, the Pancha Siddhantika by Varaha Mihira
**

**
**

**The
Five Canons are
**

**
**

**Surya
Siddhanta
**

**Pitamaha
Siddhanta
**

**Lomasa
Siddhanta
**

**Paulasa
Siddhanta
**

**Vasishta
Siddhanta
**

**Siddhanta
Sastra means the Science of Astronomy and nothing else. Some scholars have
mistranslated it as Doctrine or Theory. Similarly,
Vedanta has also been mistranslated. Vedanta means transcendental
Knowledge, nothing else.
**

**Written by Latha Deva, the
SS , Surya Siddhanta, is one of the earliest books. It travelled wide from India
to Spain and Baghdad. The Caliph ordered his scholars to translate SS ad this
glorious book inspired European Astronomy and space sciences,
The first mathematical book, Brahma Sphuta Siddhanta, written by Brahmagupta,
dealt with trignometric functions and was translated into Arabic as As Sind
Hind.
The Aryabhateeyam of Arabhata was translated as Al Arjabhat and the Arabs got an
insight into Mathematics, in Jyamiti, Geometry and Trikonamiti, Trignometry !
The Magnificent Hindu Geometrical Model
**

Computation can be from any of the Three Hindu Zero Points of the Ecliptic –
The Tropical Zero Point, Sayana Meshadi, the Sidereal Zero Point, the Nirayana
Meshadi and the Chaitradi, the Luni-Solar Zero Point.

Anomaly was defined as the angle between position ( of the planet ) &
perihelion. Indian Astronomy computes both Sheeghra & Manda Anomalies.

What are Sheeghra & Manda Anomalies ?

Manda means slow and Mandoccha means Aphelion, implying the 2nd Law of Planetary
Motion of Kepler, that all planets move slower at Aphelion, the planet’s
farthest point from the Sun.

Sheeghra means fast and Sheeghrocha means Perihelion, implying the 2nd Law of
Planetary Moion of Kepler, that all planets move faster at Perihelion, the
planet’s nearest point to the Sun.

Manda refers to the Heliocentric Coordinate System and Sheeghra refers to the
Geocentric Coordinate System.

**In
Greek, peri means near, ap ameans away and Helion is Sun. Helios is derived from
the Sanskrit Heli, Heli Surya, Chandrama Sheeta Rashmi.**