Mathematica Indica By
Govind Kumar
Sanskrit
poets used Elemental Numbers in
their poems. As eyes are 2, two represents eyes. As the Vedas are four, four
represents the Vedas. Netra Netra ( eyes , eyes ) means 22
and Veda Veda means 44.
Here we give the correspondence between numbers and the Elements
1. Earth, Moon
2. Eyes, hands, feet, ears
3. Worlds, trinitarian unity, three yogas, three vedas.
4. Vedas
5. Sense organs.
6 Rithus or the six seasons.
7. Rishies
8 Directions, eightfold prosperity
9 Digits, numbers
0 Ether
10 - Ego and its ten heads.
11 - Rudras
12 Months, Zodiacal Signs
13 Universe
14 Vidyas, Manus
15 Lunations, thidhis
16 King
17 Athushti
18 Treatises astronomical, mythological
19 Athi Dhruthi
20 Nails
21 Uthkruthi
22 Akrithi
23 Vikruthi
24 Gayathri
25 Principles
27 Constellations
33 Deities
The digits for the letters are written, counting from right to left
For example,
Bhanandagni
Bham = Stars = 27
Nandan = 9
Agni = 3
Bhanandagni = 3927
Known
as Paral Sankhya, the Alpha Numeric System was developed by Vararuchi. It is
also known as Katapayadi, as 1 represents the letters Ka, Ta, Pa and Ya, whose
corresponding digit is 1.
Number
Letters
1
ka ta pa ya
2
kha tta pha ra
3
hu da bha la
4
gha da ba va
5
nga na ma sha
6
cha tha sha
7
chha dha sa
8
ja dha ha
9
jha ddha
0
nja na ksha
The
Value of Kaa ki ku ke and ko was 1
31
was represented by Kala
Kala
is ka + la = 31 ( The digits are counted from the right )
and
351 by Kamala
Kamala
= ka + ma + la = 351
Ganitha
Kerala, the Kerala School of Astronomy and Maths, has given a lot of names for
big numbers.
Like the Western
Myriad = 10^4
Million = 10^6
Indian names are
Shata = 10^2
Sahasra = 10^3
Ayutha = 10^4
Laksha = 10^5
Dasa Laksha = 10^6 ( Million )
Koti = 10^7
Dasa Koti = 10^8
Vrinda = 10^9
Kharva = 10^10
Nikharva = 10^11
Mahapadma = 10^12
Mahakharva = 10^13
Padma = 10^14
In the Western, we have
Million = 1000^2
Billion = 1000^3
Trillion = 1000^4
or
Nillion = 1000^(n+1)
where n is the number. Tri meaning 3 and trillion = 1000^(3+1)!
There
are greater numbers, than the ones mentioned below.
Maha Padma = 10^15
Kshoni = 10^16
Parardha = 10^17
Sankha = 10^18
Maha Sankha = 10^19
Kshithi = 10^20
Maha Kshiti = 10^21
Kshobha = 10^22
Maha Kshobha = 10^23
Neethi Lamba = 10^27
Sarva Bala = 10^45
Thallakshana = 10^83
"By
one more than the one before" - A sutra of Vedic Maths
Ekadhikena Purvecha is Sanskrit for " One more than the previous
one". This
sutra can be used for multiplying or dividing algorithms.
You can use this formula to compute the squares of numbers.
For example.
35×35 = ((3×3)+3),25 = 12,25 and 125×125 = ((12×12)+12),25 = 156,25
By the sūtra, multiply "by one more than the previous one."
35×35 = ((3×4),25 = 12,25 and 125×125 = ((12×13),25 = 156,25