The greatest threat we face is not Terrorism, but Global Warming.
The effects of G W are
Rising sea levels
Rise in cyclonic activity
Rise in temperatures
Change in climate
Melting of glaciers in the Himalayas
Rising sea levels have submerged low level islands in the Sunderbans. Laccadives face threat of inundation due to sea level rise.
Coastal lands are also under threat. The climate of India has become extremely volatile due to Climate Change. The Njattuvelas are less fierce than before & water levels are being depleted.
Bangladesh is affected adversely by Climate Change, triggered by Global Warming. Its temperature, sea level and evaporation are on the rise and precipitation changes have resulted in drainage congestion. Floods have increased and there is a reduction in freshwater availability. GW can reduce India’s GDP by 9% and submergence of Indian coastal lands can cause 7 million people to be displaced.
If severe climate changes occur, Bangladesh may lose its coastal lands. It will also impact India’s 400 million poor, most of them working in agriculture or in the coastal areas.
To combat G W, planting of trees has been recommended. Trees are carbon storage and capture units. The carbon emissions from vehicles, ships and planes are causing the Warming. Trees absorb Co2 and give out oxygen.
Green Kerala, which has planted 32 lakh trees so far, has been lauded by the ex President, Kalam.
Kerala used to get 2000 mm rains every year. It will be surprising if we get 1000 mm this year. The Malabar Coast, from Mumbai to Kanyakumari, has been defined as Tropical Wet by the Koppen system. This Coast gets the maximum rains, viz, 2000 mm. Madras has been defined as Tropical Wet and Dry, getting an average rainfall of around 1000 mm. Gujarat and Rajasthan have been defined as Tropical Dry. Gujarat is semi arid, getting around 600 mm and Rajastan is arid, getting around 350 mm per year.
Today( 05/06/2010) is World Environment Day. Nature is wise and Almighty and we should try to preserve the ecosystems. We should adhere to the Blue and Green Covenants.
In Kerala, 70 lakh trees are being planted. 32 lakh trees have been planted already.
We have destroyed our rainforests, flora and fauna and our water reservoirs like wells and ponds, with the result we are facing desertification. We have degraded our environment. We should preserve our ecology or we will be facing disaster !.
Gorbachev, the President of the Green Cross International, said about the Earth Charter. ” We hope it will be like the Ten Commandments, a Sermon on the Mount, which will provide a guide for human behaviour towards the environment for this century and beyond “. The Earth Charter is an international declaration of values and rights for building a sustainable and just global society. The Earth Charter Initiative Organisation promotes the Charter. The Charter is endorsed by millions of organisations and seeks to inspire in the minds of the people a sense of global interdependence and shared responsibilty for the wellbeing of humankind.